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WHO IS THIS   ARTHUR DECO   AND WHAT THE HELL DOES HE HAVE TO DO WITH BIOSHOCK ???


Art Deco


"Art Deco" ( a term not used until 1960s - named after the 1925 Paris Exhibition - Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes ). It has been commented that "Defining Art Deco, It's like trying to nail down a bubble".

Time of Art Deco was called "the Jazz age" (as named by the guy who wrote Gatsby, Fitzgerald)

'Moderne' style of architecture (compared to the 'Beaux Arts' and 'Art Nouveau' styles used before it)

Other names/variations :

  • Streamline Moderne
  • Moderne
  • 'Skyscraper'
  • Art Moderne
  • Neo-Gothic
  • Zigzag Moderne
  • Ziggurat Moderne
  • Jazz Age (F. Scott Fitzgerald coind the term)
  • Pueblo Deco (in Southwest US using Indian styles)
  • Machine Age
  • Cubist
  • Expressionist
  • Speed and the Industrial Revolution
  • Egyptian Deco (Egyptian theme reenergized by Tut Discovery)
  • "Delayed Deco" for various buildings that were 'delayed' from being built by WW2

(Other variations like Egyptian Revival, Miami Deco, Nuevo Deco, Aztec Deco, Native American themes, Maori (in New Zealand) )

Other styles like "Bauhaus" (functional and less decorative) have similar attributes and are often lumped in with 'Art Deco')

The "Arts and Crafts" movement was a precursor (it to simplified the earlier ornate stylings)

Frank Lloyd Wright's work was ahead of its time and have many Art Deco type elements


The Art Deco style employs "the plastic arts" - those that are shaped/molded

  • Hard edged, low relief decoration
  • Chrome/Stainless steel(shiny metal including brass)
  • Curves in building walls/features
  • Corner wrap windows
  • Rule of three's
  • Streamlined - Evoking the speed and glamour of the new shipping lines, airlines and trains.
  • Speed Lines
  • Concrete slab construction
  • Stepped/setbacks (building profiles)
  • Inset entryways
  • Abstracted decoration
  • Towers on buildings
  • Repeated pre-manufactured tilings (Terra Cotta) and metal decorations
  • Casement windows (not much use in Rapture)
  • Porthole windows
  • Indirect Lighting was another 'Art Deco' feature
  • Neon (tube lights) important to Art Deco style (it started in 1925 signs)
  • Glass Plate/tile wall surfaces (Vitrolite)
  • Metal Tubing instead of wood
  • Stripped Columns
  • Elements of Italian Futurism, Russian Constructivism, Brutalism, the Bauhaus and De Stijl design schools
  • Art Deco building "Piers" instead of Columns (terminology)

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See Also Diesel Punk Crafts

See Also Art Deco Era Slang

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What went before'

  • Ecole Des Beaux Arts
  • Art Nouveau

Art Deco It Is  :

20s and 30s were Ryan's formative years, so that's why (in story) he picked that style for his City (Art Deco started in 1925, and was built in the US through the 40s).

Nostalgia as an element for a 'game', the selection of this style made it easy to copy (no artistic/imaginative abilities required ...) The simplified decorations are also easier on the Rendering capabilities of computers.

The Great metropolis of NYC (which Rapture's Skyline is a poor rendition of) is iconic (and built of many buildings of this style (later glass wall buildings pretty much postdated Rapture's building period)

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Art Deco in Bioshock :

20s and 30s style (and into the 40s even) with ALOT of architectural examples available. Handy for a game to pick a style/theme that they didn't have to use much imagination to create - just duplicate/cut-n-paste (similar with props/npcs clothing/music/etc...). Just Google 'Art Deco' and you can get all the ideas you need for the City and have it be recognizable (similar for other styles as Rapture was all Art Deco).

Typical Art Deco attributes :

  • Simplifying form, streamlining
  • Highlight lines, cubes and planes, curves
  • Facade, towers, stepped elements
  • Finials and parapets, moldings and friezes
  • Symbols and imagery


Rapturebuilding













Streamline Style

Lots of examples on the image search    http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=streamline+style  linky


Inspiration - Pictures

One thing about a 'Retro' theme for a game - they don't have to actually create/think up many original ideas ...





Not sure why this would be on a weather site but ....

http://www.weather.com/travel/modern-ruins-abandoned-detroit-photos-20130715


Ryans nightmare or Elizabeths future ?

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/2921349/posts

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2191552/Stunning-1950-images-effects-atomic-bomb-attack-New-York-City.html?ito=feeds-newsxml


Tech stuff

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraftwerk_Heimbach



http://www.darkroastedblend.com/2009...etro-tech.html

http://www.darkroastedblend.com/2012...hip-house.html


Art Deco

http://artdecoarchitecture.deviantart.com/gallery/

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Art+Deco+Buildings

http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel...Deco-BR-1.html


Replica models

http://www.replicabuildings.com/prodimages/cincinnati-union-terminal-building-replica.jpg

http://www.replicabuildings.com/Building-Replicas.html


Real 1905 era city  (SF before the quake)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2_4pnmcE5E&feature=player_embedded#t=2s


A good site for all kinds of ideas

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/Zeerust



That thing in Disneyland

http://p8.storage.canalblog.com/88/00/671517/47251268.jpg

http://jmag77.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2007/12/16/hollywood_tower_hotel_fabuleux.jpg

real thing :

http://www.fivestaralliance.com/files/fivestaralliance.com/nodes/2008/17816/1202_ext_fsa-g.jpg


Steampunk goodies  (Rapture would be Dieselpunk - ish ...)

http://www.steampunkworkshop.com/lcd.shtml


Skyline Rapture was made to resemble (outside ocean views anyway) despite the inetriors largely being shopping mall sprawls.

http://mdphd.med.nyu.edu/files/directions/images/aerial.jpg


http://www.artfire.com/uploads/product/6/756/85756/3785756/3785756/large/antique_1927_manhattan_island_new_york_usa_black_and_white_aerial_view_rotogravure_a4946972.jpg



Good thing Jack didnt get the Full treatment ... http://lostro.deviantart.com/art/Delta-Unmasked-203190550

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Streamlined

Another real world streamlining example - the AE traincars and the rediculous tram/trolley in-game were far too ornate.

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Streamlining of various machines was part of Art Deco . Those 'Speed Lines' were even put on buildings.


Things that are NOT Art Deco

The term "Art Deco" wasn't even coined until the 1960s, and what it refers to encompasses a broad range of attributed characteristics some which existed before the 1925 Exposition which that name signifies.

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